Tag Archives: Creative Commons

National Archives Making Thousands of Images Available via Wikimedia Commons

Adams_Boulder_Dam_1942The National Archives has uploaded thousands of images to Wikimedia Commons, making them available free of charge to the general public. 

“By uploading digital content there, we make it readily available for Wikipedia editors to embed in Wikipedia articles, making them far more visible than they are in our own catalog,” said Dominic McDevitt-Parks, digital content specialist and Wikipedian in Residence at NARA.

They intend to make thousands of more images available in the near future. You can read more about their collaboration here

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Creative Commons and Cultural Heritage

These are some great thoughts about presenting cultural documents and artifacts to the public and how they should be licensed. Interesting ethical questions and dialogue.

Archaeology, Museums & Outreach

Java PrintingI am very pleased to present a post and resource links on Creative Commons by my colleague Jason Baird Jackson.  More and more cultural heritage professionals and students are faced with questions about how to best present original documents for public access and the proper citation and use of internet files.  Jason provides a solid introduction and valuable links to Creative Commons licenses that are relevant today and will be increasingly important in the immediate future.

Creative Commons and Cultural Heritage

by Jason Baird Jackson

Do public archaeologists, heritage professionals, museum practitioners, and graduate students need to know about the Creative Commons? I think so. Robert Connolly does so as well, which is why he thought to ask me to contribute a short note to his blog. After you have learned a bit about it, I hope that you too will see the relevance of the tools provided by the…

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The Best Museums on Flickr

A photographer friend of mine, Christian Santiago, recently redirected me to Flickr. I remember the Flickr of a few years ago, largely used as a repository for vacation photos. Wow has Flickr grown up! As a Social Studies teacher, I am always on the look out for high quality images that are Creative Commons Licensed. Now, museums around the world are using Flickr as a means to showcase and share their collections. What makes these Flickr streams especially valuable is that they use them to highlight their archived material.

Here is a short list of museums on Flickr:

Boys picking up garbage, courtesy of the Library of Congress

Boys picking up garbage, courtesy of the Library of Congress

The Library of Congress – An amazing repository of images from American history, some of the highlights include Dorothea Lange, the history of baseball, and photojournalist collections about child labor.

The Field Museum Library – More than 1,600 images of both the collection of Field Museum and the history of the museum itself.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art – Not only do they have some great images from their collection, but they include photos of their social events including the Met Gala.

The British Library – More than a million images from their collection  covering topics like fashion, cartography, warfare, botany, and more.

The British Museum – While they have only few images from their collection, they post pictures and videos from their live events around the world, such as Nelson Mandela Day and Day of the Dead Altar.

Prairie Dawn 1971 Muppets, Courtesy of the Smithsonian Museum

Prairie Dawn 1971 Muppets, Courtesy of the Smithsonian Museum

Guggenheim Museum – This is a great way to look at installation exhibits!

National Museum of American History at the Smithsonian – Not only do they post images from their collection, but pictures of the museums’s history, scanning images for their x 3D collection, and more.

National Media Museum – This English museum focuses on photography, video, memes, and more.

The Smithsonian Institution – A great highlight of material at all of the Smithsonian Institutions.

Smithsonian Museum of Natural History – Another amazing collection of natural history artifacts.

Los Angeles County Museum of Modern Art – A nice overview of the collection and exhibits at LACMA.

This is only a small collection, but Fickr is an excellent resource for educators looking for unique, high quality images to incorporate into lessons or to teach students about licensing online content.

iPad Summit Keynote: The New Shape of Knowledge

David Weinberger, Ph.D. courtesy of Wikimedia Commons

David Weinberger, Ph.D. courtesy of Wikimedia Commons

It’s time to kick off the iPad Summit! This year’s keynote speaker is David Weinberger, Ph.D., Co-Director of the Harvard Library Innovation Lab and Senior Researcher for the Harvard Berkman Center for Internet & Society.

David begins by telling us that he would like to discuss how we raise children to be good citizens and that we must recognize that the new digital environment in which we live provides us not only new obligations, but a new opportunity. He highlights that there is a temptation among educators to look at the internet as a collection of information, much of which is “bad.” If that is how we view it, then we focus on the need of filtering, controlling, and managing the environment. However, this approach  ignores an important  fact – that our minds MUTCD_R1-1.svg (1)are finite. As such, it’s not possible to fully understand and “know” the world around us. So to succeed, at some level, we must narrow our focus. Therefore, knowledge is filtered, it is settled (what is known and nailed down), orderly (even if it actually isn’t), a private endeavor, and in our culture knowledge is a series of stopping points. For example, the Encyclopedia Britannica had to “throw out” knowledge because it wouldn’t fit in the book! Now, with the internet, knowledge has a new medium that is unlimited. Looking at Wikipedia (the online Encyclopedia) we are no longer restricted for content based on size and media. Not only do we have a repository of words, but images, video, sound files, and external resources and sources (look at the bibliography at the bottom of a Wikipedia article). We now have the ability for millions of people contributing to a website to build and edit our understanding. In spite of popular perception, these sites (including Wikipedia) actually work quite well. Now learning is no longer a private endeavor, but participating in the public sphere. We now make things public by publishing Open Access or Creative Commons. Now David mentions his concerns about the limited and closed nature of the iPad – that it does not generally allow for open access and public endeavors – quite a statement for an iPad conference!

Until recent times, access to information was highly limited. For example, if you wanted to learn about “that Einstein kid” in the early 20th century, you were limited to what was published in newspapers. Or, you had to wait several years for a peer-reviewed journal article (that was only available to subscribers). Now, researchers can use tools like arXiv, hosted by Cornell University, to publish ideas and research at any level. What gives environments like this value is not that the information is all the same, but rather they are inconsistent and in constant disagreement. While agreement is wonderful, it doesn’t scale. If you want knowledge to get big, then you have to give up on the ideal of agreement! This is where the issue of filtering comes into play – it limits the ability of learners to filter and curate for themselves! You cannot effectively filter what your readers/users are going to find valuable or interesting. Knowledge and learning is an individual endeavor in this way. So here is the cycle of knowledge in the public world:

        • Bounded & Divided –> Linked
        • Settled –> Unsettled
        • Work in Private –> Public
        • Curated –> Filtering Forward (after publication)
        • Orderly –> Rich ‘n’ Messy

David highlights that while mastery is a wonderful and even necessary in many ways, it should not be the end all be all. Mastery leads to boundaries then to canon then

Courtesy of WIkimedia Commons

Courtesy of WIkimedia Commons

to certification and then to testing which we hold as “accountability.” By the way, a room full of educators are always thrilled when standardized testing is cut down! Mastery is how “we cut the world down to our size.” However, it does not let us connect. In an Internet world there is room for all of this content and ways for us to communicate with one another about this content. “Mastery does not scale.” Still, this does not mean that we should give up on mastery. If you want to be a Chemist, for example, you must master the Periodic Table. Mastery has its place, but we should be cautious about its implementation in education. Expertise should not be shunned or condemned and it will likely continue. Experts (most of them anyway) are now on the web – which not only allows them to be engaged with others, but to contribute their understanding and build our shared repository of knowledge. We want to have “your nerds arguing with my nerds.” Commons allow engagement and discussion about resources and conclusions that are in dispute.

Now with the internet, there is a new “civic good.” David asks:

If knowledge lives in the commons, how do we educate our children to live in the commons?

Students should be learning and collaborating in network commons. Our schools must help our children to be positive, creative, curious, contributors to what they perceive as a public commons built by all of us.

Infographic on Creative Commons – What Can You Use? How do You Cite?

Digital Literacy includes obeying copyright and fair use laws. I’ve written about this in my article, “How to Find License Free Content for School Projects” and it has been highlighted by Edutopia in “Copyright and Fair Use For Educators.”

I recently came across a great infographic that highlights how to use and credit creative commons licensed content by foter.com. You can check it out below!

CC-infographic

Copyright and Fair Use for Educators

One of the key components of Digital Literacy is understanding the concept of copyright (protected physical and intellectual material) and Fair Use (limited exceptions granted to educational environments). This is a notoriously gray area in the online world. I addressed this concept in my article, “How to Find License Free Content for School Projects.” Additionally, I try to build digital literacy (including copyright issues) into my broader instructional framework. You can see an example of this in my recent article, “Student Documentaries in History Class.”

Edutopia addresses this issue in their 5 minute video collection, “Copyright and Faire Use for Educators.” This assemblage addresses concerns across grade levels and subject matter. If you would like to see an example of one of these videos, checkout Copyright on Campus’ video below:

To learn more, be sure to visit Edutopia!

5 Myths and Facts about Copyright and Images Online

I posted an article a few months ago entitled, “How to find License Free Material for School Projects.” I highlighted several resources educators and students can use to find License Free, non-comercial,  retired license, public domain or creative commons license content.

I recently came across a great info-graphic, “5 Myths & Facts about Copyright & Images Online.” It highlights the popular myths and possible legal consequences of using online images that isn’t licensed accordingly. Image is reproduced with permission from Legal123.au.com

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Internet Copyright Infringement
Source: Copyright Infringement: Myths vs Facts